How to Paint a Guitar

How to Paint a Guitar: A Step-By-Step Guide for Guitar Enthusiasts

So you’ve decided to give your old guitar a new lease of life, or maybe you’re just looking to add a personal touch to your favorite instrument. Either way, whether you play the electric guitar or the acoustic, knowing how to paint your guitar is both an art and a craft.

Let’s dive in and uncover the secrets behind getting that killer paint job.

Necessary Tools and Supplies for Repainting Your Guitar

Embarking on the journey of painting a guitar is exhilarating. However, ensuring you have the right tools and supplies at your disposal can make all the difference between an amateur and a professional finish. Here are some of the essentials you’ll need for your custom paint job.

A tabletop covered with various painting tools and supplies, neatly organized.


You’ll need screwdrivers to disassemble parts of your guitar. Most guitars typically use Phillips-head or flat-head screws. Having a set of both types ensures you’re prepared for any kind of screw you encounter.

Coarse, Medium, and Fine Grit Sandpaper

Coarse Grit Sandpaper (60-80 grit): Ideal for stripping off the old paint and initial roughing of the guitar body’s surface.

Medium Grit Sandpaper (120-150 grit): Useful for smoothing out the scratches left by the coarse grit, preparing the wood for the final smoothing phase.

Fine Grit Sandpaper (220-320 grit): This prepares the guitar body for the paint, ensuring you have an ultra-smooth surface to work on.

Sanding Block or Sponge

To get an even pressure when sanding and avoid finger depressions, a sanding block or sponge is invaluable. When you’re working with the coarse grit sanding sponge, it’s especially crucial to remove old layers of paint. You may even wish to do a wet sand between layers.

Mineral Spirits and Clean Cloths

Mineral spirits act as a cleaning agent to wipe away dust and debris after sanding. Paired with a clean cloth, it ensures you’re working on a spotless guitar body, free of any particles that might ruin your paint job.

Drop Cloth

This is a protective sheet, often made of plastic or canvas, that ensures no stray spray paint or debris stains your workspace. It’s always better to be safe than sorry!


A good primer ensures your paint adheres properly to the guitar body. It creates a bond between the wood and the paint, making your paint job last longer and appear more even.

Spray Gun or Spray Paint Cans

Paint Spray Gun: Offers more control over the paint application, especially if you’re looking for a more professional finish. Remember to always clean it thoroughly after each use.

Spray Paint Cans: A more accessible alternative to spray guns. They’re portable and come in a variety of colors. Always ensure you shake them well before use.

Acrylic Paint and Brushes

If you’re looking to add personalized designs or artwork, a good set of brushes and high-quality acrylic paint are essential. They allow for precision and detailed work on the guitar body.

Clear Coat Sealer

Once your guitar is complete, a clear coat sealer is what will give it that glossy, professional touch. It also acts as a protective layer, ensuring your hard work lasts for longer.

Respirator Mask and Gloves

Safety first! When dealing with paint fumes, especially from paint, a respirator mask is essential. Similarly, gloves ensure you don’t get paint on your hands, and they also prevent any oils or dirt from your skin from transferring to the guitar. If you’re painting an acoustic guitar for your child and they’re helping, make sure they’re staying safe.

Disassembling Your Guitar

Before you embark on the exciting journey of repainting your guitar, you’ll need to take it apart. Disassembling a guitar might sound daunting for a first-timer, but fear not! This step-by-step guide is designed to walk you through the process, ensuring you can tackle each component with confidence.

First things first, ensure you have a spacious, clean, and well-lit workspace. You’ll need to see what you’re doing clearly, and a clutter-free space will help you keep track of all the parts.

Secure Your Guitar

Place your guitar on a soft, non-abrasive surface. An old towel or blanket works great. This protects the back of your guitar from any scratches as you work on it.

Loosen and Remove the Strings

Acoustic Guitars: Turn the tuning pegs until the strings are loose enough to be unwound by hand. Once loose, remove the bridge pins using a bridge pin puller or carefully with pliers. Then, pull out the strings.

Electric Guitars: Loosen the strings using the tuning pegs. Once sufficiently slack, you can cut the strings (if desired for convenience) and then remove them from the bridge and tuning pegs.

Detach the Neck (For Bolt-on Necks Only)

Many electric guitars have bolt-on necks. If you look at the back of the body, you’ll see screws holding the neck in place. Using a screwdriver, gently unscrew and set the screws aside in a safe place. Once all screws are removed, gently slide the neck out from the body.

Remove Pickguard and Electronics (Primarily for Electric Guitars)

Pickguard: The pickguard is usually held in place by screws. Carefully remove them and lift the pickguard away from the body.

Electronics: For electric guitars, you’ll want to remove the pickups, pots (knobs), and input jack. This can be a slightly complex task, depending on the electric guitar brand and the electronics they use. Start by unscrewing the knobs and the plates they’re attached to. Gently pull out the electronics. It’s advisable not to cut any wires unless you’re confident in soldering them back later.

Keep All Removed Parts Organized

As you remove parts, it’s crucial to keep them organized. Use small containers or labeled zip-lock bags to store screws and other small components. This will make reassembling your guitar much easier later.

Inspect Your Guitar

With your guitar now disassembled, it’s a good time to inspect it for any damages or parts that might need repairing or replacing. This is especially relevant if it’s an older guitar.

Step 1: Prep the Guitar for a Fresh Paint Job

A guitar with its strings, neck, and electrical components removed, laid out on a flat surface.

First things first: if you want the job to be smooth and professional-looking, you’ll need to do some prep work. Following our guide above, remove everything that’s not part of the body. That means the strings, neck, and all the electrical bits and bobs.

Once you have the bare body, place it on a flat surface. Make sure to put a drop cloth underneath to stop stray paint from splattering on your work area.

Step 2: The Importance of Sanding

Different types of sandpaper, highlighting coarse grit sandpaper.

A fantastic paint finish begins with a smooth surface. This means that old paint has to go!

Start with a coarse-grit sanding sponge or coarse-grit sandpaper. This will help remove the old paint and provide a rough surface for the new paint to adhere to.

Gradually transition to medium and then fine-grit sandpaper. This ensures that you’re not just stripping off the old paint but also preparing the bare wood grain underneath for a pristine job. If the wood of your guitar is old with lots of grooves, you may want to use grain filler to even out the guitar’s surface.

Once you’ve sanded down the guitar, clean off the dust and debris with a cloth and some mineral spirits.

Tip: If you’re aiming for a solid color finish, roughing up the surface will do. But if you’re going for a wood grain look or a detailed artwork design, ensure the surface is as smooth as possible.

Step 3: Priming – The Foundation of Painting

Priming is a pivotal step in the process of painting a guitar, acting as the bridge between the raw guitar surface and the layers of paint. It ensures better paint adhesion and provides a uniform base that will make your color coats look consistent and vibrant. This step may sound simple, but there are nuances to be aware of to achieve the perfect foundation, especially if you’re a beginner.

Why it’s Important to Prime

Adhesion: Primers are specifically formulated to adhere well to the guitar surface and provide a surface that paint can easily adhere to. This means fewer chances of your paint peeling off over time.

Uniform Appearance: Primers mask imperfections and ensure that the paint colors appear consistent across the guitar body. This is especially crucial if you’re painting over a darker color or wood grain.

Longevity: A well-primed surface can significantly extend the life of your painted guitar, ensuring your efforts stay vibrant and fresh for years to come.

How to Prime Your Guitar:

Choose the Right Primer: The type of paint you’ve chosen will dictate the kind of primer you should use. If you’re using acrylic, make sure to choose a compatible primer. Check the labels or ask an expert at your local paint store.

Shake Well: Before you begin, shake the primer can vigorously for a good minute. This ensures all the components mix well, giving you a consistent application.


Spray Can: Hold the can approximately 12-15 inches away from the guitar’s surface. Apply in even, sweeping motions to ensure a consistent coat. Avoid staying in one spot too long, as this can lead to drips or an uneven finish.

Spray Gun: If you’re using one of these, make sure it’s clean and in proper working order. Fill it with the primer, and using a steady hand, spray the guitar’s body in even back-and-forth motions, overlapping each pass slightly.

Use Multiple Thin Coats Over One Thick One: It’s tempting to lay on a thick layer of primer to finish the job quickly but resist the urge. Several coats are far more effective and less prone to issues like dripping or uneven coverage. Allow each coat to dry as per the manufacturer’s recommendations before applying the next.

Let It Dry: This might be one of the most critical steps. Even if the primer feels dry to the touch, it’s always best to let the entire guitar cure for a full 24 hours (or as recommended on the can). This ensures it has hardened and set properly.

Step 4: Let’s Get Painting!

Now, for the fun part. If you’re going for spray paint cans, shake them well before use.

Apply the first thin coat of paint. Remember, it’s better to go with multiple thin layers than one thick one. Once the first coat is dry, apply the next. Typically, two to three thin coats should do the trick for most guitars.

For those looking to personalize their guitars, sketch your design directly on the guitar with a pencil. Then, using acrylic paint, fill in your artwork. Ensure you apply a thin layer and build up slowly for a realistic look.

Tip: Patience is your best friend here. Never rush; let each coat dry properly. And if you spot any imperfections, you can always do a bit of wet sanding to smooth things out.

Step 5: Seal the Deal with a Clear Coat

A clear coat is essential to protect your newly painted guitar.

Once you’re satisfied with your guitar’s new look and it’s completely dry, apply a thin coat of clear sealer. This not only protects the paint but also gives it that glossy, professional finish.

If you’ve used acrylic paint for artwork, make sure the finish you use (either poly or nitrocellulose) is applied thinly.

Customizing Beyond the Paint

While the allure of a freshly painted guitar can be enchanting, the world of customization extends far beyond paint. True individualization often involves a fusion of various materials, designs, and themes. By incorporating additional embellishments or thematic elements, you can transform your guitar into a genuine work of art that tells its own story.

Embellishments: Rhinestones, Decals, and Stickers

An embellished guitar.


For those looking to add a touch of glamor and sparkle, rhinestones are a perfect choice. These tiny, gleaming jewels can be arranged in intricate patterns, used as markers on the fretboard, or even scattered randomly for a starry effect. When caught under stage lights, a rhinestone-studded guitar can truly dazzle the audience.

Quality Matters: Opt for high-quality rhinestones that have good adhesive strength. This ensures longevity and reduces the risk of them falling off during performances.

Placement: Think about where your arm or hand might rub against the guitar. It’s best to avoid placing rhinestones in those areas to prevent any discomfort.

Decals and Stickers

Decals and stickers offer a straightforward way to imbue personality into your guitar. From band logos to intricate designs, the options are limitless. These can be especially useful if you’re not entirely confident in your painting skills but still want to showcase your style.

Surface Preparation: Ensure the guitar surface is clean and free from oils. This helps decals and stickers adhere better.

Sealing: To protect and prolong the life of your decals, consider sealing the guitar with a clear coat after application.

Thematic Designs: Dive into a World of Imagination

A range of different colored guitars.

Galaxy Theme

A galaxy-themed guitar can be genuinely mesmerizing. Use a combination of deep blues, purples, and blacks interspersed with white specks for stars. This design can make your guitar really look like you’ve plucked it straight from the cosmos.

Sponging: To achieve the nebulous look of a galaxy, consider using a sponge to dab on the paint. This technique can give depth and texture.

Glow-in-the-Dark Paint: For an added touch, incorporate glow-in-the-dark paint for stars. It’ll give your guitar an otherworldly glow in dim environments.

Steampunk Theme

Steampunk fuses the aesthetics of the Victorian era with futuristic elements. Think cogs, gears, and a touch of vintage elegance. This theme can be a combination of paint, decals, and even small metal elements adhered to the guitar.

Metallic Paints: Golds, bronzes, and silvers can help achieve the characteristic steampunk shine.

Accessorize: Consider adding faux leather straps or metal elements for an authentic touch.

Tribal Theme

Tribal designs, characterized by their geometric patterns and earthy tones, can give your guitar an ancient, rooted feel. These designs often have deep cultural significance and can make your guitar stand out.

Stencils: If freehand drawing feels challenging, use stencils to help guide your tribal patterns.

Earthy Tones: Browns, blacks, reds, and whites are often associated with tribal designs. Keep this palette in mind when choosing your paints.

Key Takeaways and Pro Tips

Painting a guitar can be a transformative experience, both for the instrument and the individual wielding the brush or spray can. While the process might seem complex, especially to novices, a few key takeaways and pro tips can ensure the endeavor is both enjoyable and successful.

Key Takeaways:

Preparation is Paramount: The foundation of a fantastic paint job begins well before the first drop of paint touches the guitar. Proper disassembly, thorough cleaning, and meticulous sanding are crucial steps that should never be skipped.

Quality Over Quantity: Investing in quality paints, primers, and sealers can make a world of difference. While it may be tempting to cut corners, higher-quality materials often lead to a smoother application and a more durable finish.

Patience Pays Off: Each phase, from priming to painting to sealing, requires patience. Let each coat dry properly, even if it seems ready for the next layer. Rushing can lead to an uneven finish, drips, or longer drying times in the end.

Safety First: Remember to work in a well-ventilated area, especially when using spray paint or solvents. Always wear safety gear, such as gloves and masks, to protect yourself from fumes and prevent any unwanted reactions.

Pro Tips

Test Before You Apply: Before you commit to painting your guitar, test your paints and primers on a scrap piece of wood. This will help you understand how they apply, how they look when dry, and how they react with one another.

Keep a Clean Workspace: Continually clean your workspace. It minimizes the chances of dust or debris getting onto your wet paint. Moreover, a tidy workspace is mentally freeing and can make the process more enjoyable.

Invest in a Good Spray Gun if You Can: While spray cans are convenient, a good gun offers better control, consistency, and coverage, especially for those looking to achieve a professional-level finish.

Document Your Process: Especially if it’s your first time, take photos at each step. Not only will it serve as a fun progress report, but if you run into issues, you can look back and determine what might have gone wrong.

Use the Wet Sanding Technique: Wet sanding between layers (especially after priming) can make a significant difference in the smoothness of the final outcome. Always use fine-grit sandpaper, and remember to clean the surface after sanding.

Ask for Advice: Join online forums, watch tutorials, or visit local workshops. The guitar community is vast and usually very welcoming. Many have tread the path you’re on and can offer valuable insights, especially if you run into unique challenges.

A newly painted guitar.

Caring for Your Newly Painted Guitar

Congratulations! You’ve successfully painted your guitar, infusing it with personality, style, and a touch of artistic flair. But just as you would with a brand-new instrument, it’s crucial to care for your newly painted guitar. Proper maintenance ensures that your guitar doesn’t just sound fantastic but also looks stunning for years to come.

Maintenance Tips

Regular Cleaning: Dust and sweat can accumulate on your guitar, potentially damaging the paint over time. Make it a habit to wipe down your guitar with a soft, lint-free cloth after each use.

Dry Environment: Excess humidity can harm both the wood of the guitar and the paint. Store your guitar in a dry place, ideally in a case, to protect it from environmental factors.

Temperature Control: Rapid temperature changes can lead to the paint cracking. Avoid leaving your guitar in extremely cold or hot environments, such as a car on a sunny day.

Proper Handling: Always handle your guitar with clean hands. Oils and residues can impact the paint’s vibrancy over time.

Keeping the Paint Vibrant

Avoid Direct Sunlight: Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can cause the paint to fade. If you’re playing outdoors, try to keep your guitar in the shade when you’re not using it.

Use Specialized Cleaners: There are guitar-specific cleaners available that are designed to be gentle on paint and finishes. These can help in maintaining the sheen and vibrancy of your paint.

Wax On, Shine On: Applying a quality guitar wax or polish once in a while can provide an added layer of protection against dust and moisture. It can also enhance the shine, making the colors pop.

Protection Against Scratches and Dings

Invest in a Quality Guitar Case: This cannot be emphasized enough. A good case acts as a shield, protecting your guitar from accidental knocks, drops, and the elements.

Use Stand with Padding: If you prefer to keep your guitar out for easy access, ensure your stand has adequate padding. This prevents any potential scratches when placing or removing your guitar.

Be Mindful of Your Belt and Buttons: This might sound odd, but many a guitarist has scratched their precious instrument with a studded belt or a rogue shirt button. Being aware of such potential hazards can help in avoiding unwanted scratches.

Protective Films: There are transparent films available that can be applied over the painted surface. These offer an added layer of protection without affecting the guitar’s look.

Frequently Asked Questions

Navigating the world of guitar painting can spark numerous queries. Let’s address some of the most common questions to make your journey smoother.

What kind of paint do you use on a guitar?

There are a few popular choices when it comes to painting guitars:

Acrylic Paint: Acrylic is water-based and dries relatively quickly. It’s easy to apply and comes in a vast array of colors. If you’re painting a design or artwork onto your guitar, acrylics can be your best friend. However, remember to seal it properly with either a poly or nitrocellulose finish to protect and enhance the paint.

Nitrocellulose Lacquer: Commonly used in vintage guitars, this lacquer gives a thin, hard finish that allows the wood to resonate well. However, it can turn yellow over time, giving your guitar a classic, aged look.

Polyurethane & Polyester: Modern guitars often use these finishes. They’re harder and more resistant to wear than nitrocellulose but can be thicker, which some claim affects the guitar’s tone.

The type of paint you choose depends on your desired look, feel, and the guitar’s intended use.

Can you paint a guitar yourself?

Absolutely! Painting a guitar can be a rewarding DIY project. With the right tools, materials, and a bit of patience, anyone can give their guitar a fresh, personalized look. Just remember to follow each step carefully, especially the preparation stages, and don’t rush the process. If you’re ever in doubt, there are numerous resources and communities online where fellow guitar enthusiasts share their tips, tricks, and experiences.

What color is easiest to paint a guitar?

Lighter solid colors, like whites or pastels, are often considered the easiest for beginners. They usually require fewer coats to achieve full coverage and are more forgiving to minor imperfections or mistakes. Additionally, they’re less prone to showing streaks or uneven layers compared to darker or metallic colors.

However, the “easiness” of a color can also depend on the type and brand of paint you’re using, so always do a test patch first to see how the paint behaves.

A newly painted white guitar.

In Conclusion: The Art and Joy of Painting Your Guitar

Embarking on the journey of painting a guitar is much more than a mere DIY project. It’s about personalizing an extension of yourself, an instrument that communicates emotions and stories through its sound. Through the layers of primer, paint, and sealer, you infuse your guitar with a piece of your own spirit, giving it a unique identity that resonates with every note played.

For those who’ve followed this guide, you’ve learned not just how to paint a guitar but also the nuances and intricacies that make the process both an art and a science. While it might seem daunting at first, with patience and persistence, you can transform your guitar into a masterpiece that’s as visually captivating as it is sonically.

Remember, every artist, whether a musician or a painter, started as a beginner. Each stroke of the brush, each spray of the can, and each strum of the strings is a step towards mastery. So, as you admire your newly painted guitar and let your fingers dance across its strings, take a moment to revel in the satisfaction of a job well done and the endless possibilities that lie ahead.

Here’s to the fusion of music and art and to all the vibrant melodies that await you and your rejuvenated instrument!